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A Referendum on Earmarks

A curious challenge to a GOP incumbent.

Jun 23, 2014, Vol. 19, No. 39 • By MARK HEMINGWAY
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Republican primary challenges are all the rage these days. The GOP is reeling from House majority leader Eric Cantor’s loss last week in Virginia to David Brat, a relatively unknown economics professor who campaigned on local issues and against the GOP leadership’s flirtation with immigration amnesty. Brat was outspent by as much as 40 to 1 and still beat a sitting majority leader​—​that hadn’t happened since the position was created in 1899. In Mississippi, Tea Party favorite Chris McDaniel has forced Senator Thad Cochran into a runoff, despite a scandal-plagued campaign. Other Senate Republicans, such as minority leader Mitch McConnell and South Carolina’s Lindsey Graham managed to fend off primary opponents, but there’s little question that GOP incumbents are feeling besieged by grassroots challenges.

Todd Tiahrt

Todd Tiahrt

Newscom

Then there’s the primary race heating up in Kansas’s 4th District, which is a quixotic role reversal​—​a longtime congressman, Todd Tiahrt, is trying to take back his seat from Rep. Mike Pompeo, who was elected in the Tea Party wave of 2010. There did not appear to be any previous tensions between the two men; Pompeo did not unseat Tiahrt. After serving eight terms, Tiahrt relinquished his seat to run for the Senate. He lost in the 2010 primary to Sen. Jerry Moran. At the time, Tiahrt said he’d “sleep well at night” knowing Pompeo was replacing him. Kent Bush, a syndicated Kansas columnist, sums up the rationale behind Tiahrt’s current challenge this way: “You know that guy I endorsed twice for Congress? He is terrible. You should elect me instead.”

To the extent that GOP primary challenges have been successful, it’s because primary opponents have run to the right of incumbents. Tiahrt’s got his work cut out for him here. In May, National Journal rated Kansas’s congressional delegation the most conservative in the country, and Pompeo isn’t dragging down the delegation’s average. It’s also difficult to argue that Pompeo, a West Point and Harvard Law grad, is any kind of knuckle-dragger. Pompeo also has an impressive roster of supporters​—​Kansans for Life, the Kansas Farm Bureau, FreedomWorks, the Club for Growth, and Americans for Prosperity, to name a few.

So why is Tiahrt running? “There are a number of things happening in the local economy which are devastating to the 4th District of Kansas. When Mr. Tiahrt was in office before, one of the main things he did [was support] the aviation and aerospace industries here in the 4th District​—​Wichita in particular,” Robert Noland, Tiahrt’s campagn manager, tells The Weekly Standard. “Half our aviation companies have left in the past couple years. They’ve moved on to other places. And when Todd was in office he did a lot of work to try to keep jobs here, keep people going, and help the local economy. The current congressman hasn’t paid as much attention to those things.” In particular, Noland notes that on May 30, Pompeo introduced an amendment to shut down the federal Economic Development Administration​—​a day after the same agency announced southern Kansas was being labeled a manufacturing zone and was thus eligible for federal largesse that might help preserve jobs.

There’s a thin line, however, between watching out for your district’s economic interests and the temptation to gorge on pork. Tiahrt’s career in Congress saw him weaving all over that line. “You know he talks openly about the need to bring back earmarks,” says Jim Richardson, Pompeo’s campaign manager​—​who also spent six years working for Tiahrt. The House Republican Conference instituted an earmark ban shortly after the GOP’s historic victory in 2010, just as Tiahrt was on his way out. His last two years in office, Tiahrt doled out $33 million in earmarks to aviation companies alone. In 2010, the House Ethics Committee opened an investigation into Tiahrt’s ties to the PMA Group, a lobbying firm raided by the FBI that was arranging hefty campaign donations for defense appropriators in exchange for earmarks. Later that year, it was reported that interests receiving earmarks from Tiahrt had given him $46,000 in campaign donations​—​the second-highest total in Congress. During Tiahrt’s unsuccessful Senate bid, Moran made an issue of Tiahrt’s earmarks. Even then, he continued to defend the practice to the Wichita Eagle. “Everybody in Kansas asks for earmarks,” he said. “Everybody.”

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