Did President Obama Turn Full Circle in India?
8:01 AM, Nov 12, 2010 • By ANDREW B. WILSON
Barack Obama traveled halfway around the world, traveling to Mumbai and New Delhi last week. He also executed a remarkable 179-degree turn in his political and economic thinking. In India, he declared himself to be a proponent of free trade, globalization and deregulation.
Now that is an amazing change for this president. Whether it is a cause for hope, however, is a different matter.
Seeking, as he said, to dismiss the “old stereotypes,” Obama laughed at the idea that “There still exists [in the U.S.] a caricature of India as a land of call centers and back offices” used by U.S. companies to “ship jobs and profits abroad.” Now that might seem a little strange, as he and his union friends have been promoting those very “stereotypes” ever since the beginning of the 2008 presidential campaign.
But so it went. Within hours of his arrival, Obama declared that fast-growing India was actually helping to create jobs back in the U.S. Obama told the U.S.-India Business Council in Mumbai that the growing economic relationship between the two countries is “creating jobs, growth and higher living standards in both our countries. And that’s the truth.”
Two days later, addressing India’s parliament in New Delhi, Obama congratulated India for doing away with a vast panoply of regulations – which had meant that private companies had to satisfy up to 80 government agencies before they were allowed to set up a new plant or produce anything. Said Obama in New Delhi: “Instead of resisting the global economy, you became one of its engines – reforming the licensing raj and unleashing an economic marvel.”
As it happens, the president got this one right. India did do away with the License Raj in 1991 – and it has been growing rapidly ever since.
When India gained her independence from Britain two years after the end of World War II, Jawaharlal Nehru, an avowed socialist and the country’s first prime minister, adopted the Soviet Union as the nation’s economic model. He instituted economic development through five-year plans and rigid controls over all facets of production that remained in the private sector.
In a book entitled Great Speeches of Modern India that I purchased on a recent trip to India, there are several speeches by Nehru that seem almost comical in their naïve belief in the power of the state to order up economic miracles. One of them is entitled “Temples of a New Age” – with the temples that Nehru had in mind being large public works projects such as the damming of rivers or the construction of state-owned steel mills. Here is a snippet from a speech that Nehru gave in 1955, which is overflowing with the socialist / Keynesian malarkey that was popularized by Gunnar Myrdal, John Kenneth Galbraith and others in the post-World War II era:
Fast-forward from 1955 to 1991 – when India finally got rid of the License Raj that had been established under Nehru. By the early 1990s, the Soviet Union was falling apart and everyone – with the exception of a few centers of die-hard liberalism, such as Harvard University, the so-called “Kremlin on the Charles” – could see that the socialist /Communist economic model had proved to be an unmitigated disaster.
It was, in fact, Manmohan Singh, who has been India’s prime minister since 2004, who put the torch to the License Raj back in 1991. At that time, Singh was India’s finance minister. One can only wonder what he thought when he heard Barack Obama – who normally sounds like the second coming of Jawaharlal Nehru – singing the praises of deregulation and free enterprise.