God in the Funnies
Is there a place for religion on the comics page?
4:58 PM, Nov 14, 2010 • By MICHAEL TAUBE
Hart used B.C. as a vehicle for his art, creativity, and religious inspiration. The messages were sometimes subtle and light-hearted, and sometimes profound and thought-provoking; and sometimes they got him into trouble. The most famous example was his April 15, 2001, strip, published on a week when Easter and Passover were both being celebrated. There was a misperception that the morphing of a menorah into a cross in the strip was a not-so-subtle reference to Christianity supplanting Judaism. The Anti-Defamation League issued a hysterical press release condemning Hart, and the Los Angeles Times refused to run the strip. But Hart’s explanation shed light on the strip’s true meaning: “I noticed one day that the center section of the menorah bore the shape of a cross. I wanted everyone to see the cross in the menorah. It was a revelation to me, one that tied God’s chosen people to their spiritual next of kin -- the disciples of the risen Christ. This was a holy week for both Christians and Jews alike, and my intent, as always, was to pay homage to both.”
Finally, imagine starting a comic strip at the beginning of the 20th century which primarily examined the immigrant experience. At the same time, imagine if that strip’s main protagonist was a Jewish salesman who spoke Yiddish and promoted the virtues of his own religion. As far-fetched as it sounds, it really happened: Harry Hershfield, the Iowa-born son of Jewish immigrants, was once described by comics historian Ron Goulart as “a raconteur as well as a cartoonist. He devoted the majority of his nearly 90 years to telling funny stories, both in words and pictures.” His first strip, Desperate Desmond, which appeared in the New York Journal in 1910, introduced readers to an unusual character, Cannibal Chief Gomgatz, who spoke in gibberish and occasionally in Yiddish.
Gomgatz became a popular figure in the black-and-white world of newsprint and it dawned on the Journal’s editor, Arthur Brisbane, a Christian, that a comic strip with an all-Jewish cast could be a real asset to his paper. Brisbane spoke to Hershfield, and the result was Abie the Agent, which debuted in 1914.
Hershfield’s strip broke the mold in early 20th century comic-strip art. Readers readily identified with the Jewish characters, especially Abie Kabibble, and its wide array of Yiddish words and phrases appealed to the Journal’s mainstream audience. The strip’s success also enabled some widely-held stereotypes about Jews to fall by the wayside.
“Abie is the Jew of commerce and the man of common sense,” wrote Gilbert Seldes in The Seven Lively Arts (1924). “You have seen him quarrel with a waiter because of an overcharge of ten cents, and, encouraged by his companion, replying, ‘Yes, and it ain’t the principle, either; it’s the ten cents.’ You have seen a thousand tricks by which he once sold Complex motor cars and now promotes cinema shows or prize fights. He is the epitome of one side of his race, and his attractiveness is as remarkable as his jargon.”
But the impact of Abie the Agent went further than that. As Coulton Waugh wrote in The Comics (1947), “Spanning the scale, Hershfield conceived a character based on drama, on the reaction to events of the fluctuating, many-sided human soul ... It is because Abie Kabibble is a true picture of this real, many-sided man, that he became one of the best-loved comic characters of our time.” It may even be argued that Hershfield, a Jewish cartoonist, helped lay the foundation for a wider acceptance of religious ideas in comic strips that Christian cartoonists like Schulz and Hart were later able to use to their advantage.
Oscar Wilde once wrote that “Life imitates Art far more than Art imitates Life.” But in the comics, life and even religion imitate one another in surprisingly equal fashion. Yes, the world of cartoons is a fairly secular, left-wing environment; yes, the vast majority of comic strips in North America, and across the world, have little or nothing to do with religion; and yes, there’s no indication that this is going to change in the foreseeable future. But this doesn’t mean that religion hasn’t a rightful place in the comic strips.
Michael Taube is a columnist and former speechwriter for Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper.
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