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Iran's 'Think Tank' Outreach

5:45 PM, Sep 26, 2012 • By STEPHEN SCHWARTZ
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On August 24, 2012, the German daily Tagesspiegel reported a dismaying decision by the German Academic Exchange Service, or Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD). The agency decided in favor of continued cooperation between the University of Potsdam’s Institute for Religious Studies (IRS) and Iran's University of Religions and Denominations (URD), located in Qom, the center of Shia Muslim theological studies and of indoctrination by the Tehran regime. Margret Wintermantel, president of the DAAD, declared that common projects involving the two schools should be maintained “as long as genuine academic activities are possible.”

Qom

The DAAD had been consulted about the relationship after a controversy beginning early last year. The University of Potsdam announced that 20 faculty and students from the URD had visited and agreed to produce a memorandum of understanding for a faculty exchange beginning in May 2011. The Iranian delegation also visited the Free University of Berlin and a Dominican monastery in Hamburg.

Charles E. Grözinger, the former director of the Potsdam Institute for Religious Studies and Jewish Studies, wrote to the Potsdam university authorities expressing his “great concern” about an affiliation between the German and Iranian establishments. Closer in time to the DAAD ruling, on August 9, 2012, Benjamin Weinthal, in the Jerusalem Post, detailed criticism of German-Iranian academic relations articulated by Wahied Wahdat-Hagh, a well-known German-Iranian scholar. Wahdat-Hagh, a member of a German Interior Ministry commission on anti-Semitism and fellow of the European Foundation for Democracy in Brussels, cautioned that the Iranian clerical elite seeks to use Iranian students and professors for espionage and influence operations in the West. This should surprise nobody, but has been afforded scant public scrutiny.

Potsdam religion professor Johan Hafner replied to queries from the Jerusalem Post, “We are aware of the lack of religious freedom and the doctrinaire influences in Iran, and consider an academic exchange with qualified intellectuals to be possible.” Hafner declared, “we expect from the dialogue with Muslim colleges a critical reflection . . . and we will pay very close attention that intellectual exchange with Jewish scholars is possible.”

Wahdat-Hagh responded to Hafner’s remarks in the Israeli newspaper. Denying that the URD was a religious institute, he described the Iranian facility as “a propaganda academy . . . worse than the Marxist-Leninist Institute” of Communist East Germany. Wahdat-Hagh accused the University of Potsdam of “currying favor with the totalitarian dictator in Iran.”

Then, on August 31, University World News quoted Potsdam’s Hafner in a more aggressive defense of the Iranian university. Hafner described criticism of the URD as an “insinuation” by Wahdat-Hagh that “cannot be proven.” He praised the URD for an “openness” to dialogue unusual in Iran, and went on to denote the University of Qom as Iran’s only institution of higher education treating other religions neutrally. This is an opinion contrary to that of most observers, who view the University of Qom, notwithstanding its array of management, scientific, and technological faculties, as a primary legacy of Khomeinism, founded in 1980 as a vessel of radical ideology. (It is not the same as the hawza, or Shia religious seminary, of Qom, which is older and in which dissidence may be detected.) The website of the University of Qom boasts that it is “the only university with segregated sections for male and female students”—presumably meaning the sole example of such discrimination in Iran, since separated-gender education functions elsewhere in the world.

Hafner asserted that URD lecturers hold fellowships at Harvard University and are pursuing research sabbaticals at the Pontifical Gregorian University, the major Jesuit school at the Vatican, but did not identify the individuals by name. He further disclosed that the University of Potsdam would hold a conference on “configurations of evil” this month with a panel on the Holocaust and a representative of the University of Qom in attendance.

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