Morning Jay: The Glorified Clerkship
6:00 AM, Mar 11, 2011 • By JAY COST
Modern presidents are often most remembered for single, iconic moments. Some are good. FDR's inaugural address proclaimed we have nothing to fear but fear itself. Kennedy's challenged us to ask not what we can do for ourselves, but for our country. Reagan's speech at the Brandenburg Gate demanded that Gorbachev tear down the Berlin Wall.
Some, on the other hand, aren't as good. The image of Eisenhower on the golf course gave a false impression -- one that lasted decades -- that he was a part-time chief executive who mostly delegated duties to his staff. Carter didn't actually use the word "malaise" in his famous speech, but that tone-deaf address nevertheless underscored how out of sync he was with the rest of the country. And of course, who can forget, "I shall resign the presidency, effective noon tomorrow..."
Considering Obama's reputation as a great speechifier, it is ironic that so far the following seems to be the quintessential moment of his presidency:
For about four years, Barack Obama has been an omnipresent fixture in American culture. In the last month alone, he appeared on TV on Super Bowl Sunday, doing an interview with Bill O'Reilly during the pregame program, and he even made a cameo in the Oscars.
And yet on policy substance, he has been largely absent. Consider, for instance, this editorial on the Libyan crisis from the Washington Post:
So, according to the Post, not only is the administration's policy sideways, the commander in chief has been passive in its formulation. This is not the first time this has happened. The Obama White House left the drafting of the stimulus mostly to Democratic leadership in Congress -- so much so that aides to House Appropriations Committee chairman David Obey complained about a lack of guidance -- and the result was a bloated, inefficient bill that quickly galvanized conservative opposition and ended the "post-partisan" age. He was similarly agnostic on the health care bill, allowing Congress to come up with an incomprehensible mish-mash that still required political trickery to pass. His recent budget fails to take seriously the mounting deficit crisis, which the White House is happy to let Republicans take the politically unpopular lead on. His administration was persistently behind the curve on the revolutions in Iran and Egypt, and now it is taking a backseat to the French on Libya.
One of the better books on the American presidency remains Richard Neustadt's Presidential Power, which is still worth reading a half century after its first publication, despite the fact that Neustadt reinforces the erroneous notion that Eisenhower was asleep at the switch. His thesis is that the formal powers of the presidency -- as outlined in Article II of the Constitution -- are sparse, leaving the chief executive as little more than a clerk. What gives the presidency such potential is the informal power of the office, which comes from the abiility of the occupant to inspire awe in the public. Neustadt's book is an extended discussion of how a president should go about maximizing this informal power.