Paul Krugman Comes Out Against Obamacare?
10:00 AM, Sep 29, 2011 • By MARK HEMINGWAY
Well, sort of. Before I get to Krugman, a little relevant context.
Lots of people are talking about former OMB head Peter Orszag's latest article in The New Republic. Essentially, he argues in favor of solving America's problems by circumventing democracy, shifting more power to make policy away from elected politicians and giving it to nonpolitical technocrats.
One could pithily summarize this as a powerful technocrat moaning that technocrats don't have enough power, and as such, this article is proving to be a rare point of agreement among both the right and the left. Here's Paul Krugman's less-than-charitable take on Orszag's musings:
I can't believe I'm saying this earnestly, but it's hard not to agree with Krugman here. (Well, I might differ regarding the specifics of what should be done to save European economies, but his overall point about the wisdom of supposed experts is smack on target.)
I do wonder, however, if this forthright acknowledgment about the problems of technocrats is Krugman finally coming to grips with the problems of Obamacare. After all, our $30 trillion Medicare shortfall over the next 75 years is both our biggest financial and health care problem. And how does Obamacare deal with it? Yup, politically unaccountable technocrats.
More specifically, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act creates a panel called the Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB) to rein in Medicare spending. It's a panel comprised of 15 presidential appointees who are tasked with reducing Medicare spending. The panel is given certain spending targets that kick in 2014. At first those targets are on a sliding scale, but by 2018 the spending targets are set at the rate of GDP growth with an additional percentage point tacked on. The president has since called for ratcheting the spending target down even more, to GDP plus 0.5 percent.
Any recommendations IPAB makes about Medicare spending automatically become law. Congress can only override IPAB with a three-fifths majority vote, which is a very high legislative hurdle, or they can pass their own Medicare plan that meets the same spending target. There’s no administrative process allowing doctors or citizens to challenge the board’s decisions.
Since Medicare comprises about 13 percent of the federal budget, that’s a tremendous amount of responsibility to be placing in the hands of unelected bureaucrats. (And that percentage is rising rapidly -- as Paul Ryan recently noted, Medicare costs are rising at 6.3 percent a year.) As I reported in an article for THE WEEKLY STANDARD last May, IPAB may not even be constitutional -- the Goldwater Institute has filed a credible lawsuit alleging that transferring that much power from the legislative to the executive branch violates the constitution's delegation of powers.
Yet, Obamacare's chief defenders explicitly argued that the fact the panel would be unaccountable to elected representatives was a feature and not a bug. Ezra Klein was particularly notable for advancing this argument. "As a commentary on Congress, is all this a bit sad, and even weird? Yes. But it may also be necessary," he wrote. (Also, see his lengthier defense of IPAB here.)