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Foreign Policy Experts to Congressional Leaders: Enforce Iranian Compliance With Nuclear Deal

3:01 PM, Jan 9, 2014 • By MICHAEL WARREN
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More than 70 foreign policy experts have signed a letter addressed to the leaders in both parties in both houses of Congress urging them to enforce Iran's compliance with the nuclear deal agreed upon in Geneva late last year. Read the full text of the letter, organized by the Foreign Policy Initiative, below:

January 9, 2014

Dear Speaker Boehner, Senator Reid, Senator McConnell, and Representative Pelosi:
We write in support of efforts to enforce Iranian compliance with the Joint Plan of Action that Iran agreed to on November 24, 2013, and in support of the ultimate goal of denying Iran nuclear weapons-making capability. Congress has a chance to play an important role in making clear the consequences of Iranian violations of the interim nuclear deal, in clarifying expectations with respect to future nuclear talks with Tehran, and in creating incentives for Iran to conclude a comprehensive nuclear agreement that protects the national security interests of the United States and its allies.
We support the use of diplomacy and non-military pressure, backed up by the military option, to persuade Iran to comply with numerous U.N. Security Council Resolutions and verifiably abandon its efforts to attain nuclear weapons-making capability.  Congressional leadership has been indispensable in creating the framework of U.S.-led international sanctions that brought Iran back to the negotiating table.  However, given Tehran’s long history of violating its international nuclear obligations—and the lack of any explicit enforcement mechanisms in the Joint Plan of Action’s text—congressional leadership is once again required to set clear standards for enforcing Iranian compliance with the interim nuclear deal.
As talks go forward, it is critical that Iran not use diplomatic talks as subterfuge for continued development of various aspects of its nuclear program.  It is worth recalling Iranian President Hassan Rouhani’s claim that, when he served as Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator a decade ago, he used diplomatic talks to buy time for Iran to advance its nuclear program.  Congressional leadership can help prevent Iran from using future negotiations as cover to further the growth of its nuclear weapons-making capability.
Congress should also use this opportunity to describe its expectations for a comprehensive nuclear agreement with Iran.  Such an agreement would irreversibly close off Iran’s path to a nuclear weapon through uranium enrichment or plutonium reprocessing, bring Iran into compliance with its international obligations for full transparency and cooperation regarding its nuclear program, and permit extraordinary inspection measures to safeguard against any undeclared Iranian nuclear activities.
Commenting on the likelihood of getting Iran to agree to a comprehensive nuclear agreement, President Obama recently commented, “I wouldn’t say that it’s more than 50/50.”  We can do better than a coin-toss.  Congress now has the opportunity to make clear the consequences for Iran if it violates the interim nuclear deal or fails to conclude a comprehensive nuclear agreement. Congressional action can thus substantially improve the prospect that Iran’s growing nuclear threat will be verifiably and irreversibly halted without the use of force.  We urge Congress to seize this opportunity.

Elliott Abrams

James Kirchick 

Dr. Fouad AjamiIrina Krasovskaya 

Dr. Michael Auslin

Dr. William Kristol 

Congresswoman Shelley Berkley

Dr. Robert J. Lieber 

Josh Block

Senator Joseph I. Lieberman 

Dan Blumenthal

Tod Lindberg 

Max Boot

Mary Beth Long 

Ellen Bork

Dr. Thomas G. Mahnken 

Ambassador L. Paul Bremer

Dr. Michael Makovsky 

Dr. Eliot A. Cohen

Ann Marlowe 

Senator Norm Coleman

Clifford D. May 

Ambassador William Courtney

Robert C. McFarlane 

Seth Cropsey

David A. Merkel 

Jack David

Thomas C. Moore 

James S. Denton

Dr. Joshua Muravchik 

Dr. Paula J. Dobriansky

Governor Tim Pawlenty 

Dr. Michael Doran

Dr. Martin Peretz 

Mark Dubowitz

Danielle Pletka 

Dr. Colin Dueck

John Podhoretz 

Dr. Nicholas N. Eberstadt

Arch Puddington 

Ambassador Eric S. Edelman

Stephen G. Rademaker 

Douglas J. Feith

Dr. Michael Rubin 

Dr. Jeffrey Gedmin

Randy Scheunemann 

Reuel Marc Gerecht

Dr. Gary J. Schmitt 

Abe Greenwald

Dan Senor 

Christopher J. Griffin

Lee Smith 

John P. Hannah

Henry D. Sokolski 

Peter R. Huessy

Dr. Ray Takeyh 

Dr. William C. Inboden

William H. Tobey 

Bruce Pitcairn Jackson

Dr. Daniel Twining 

Ash Jain

Peter Wehner 

Dr. Kenneth D. M. Jensen

Dr. Kenneth R. Weinstein 

Ambassador Robert G. Joseph

Leon Wieseltier 

Dr. Frederick W. Kagan

Dr. Dov S. Zakheim 

Dr. Robert Kagan

Roger Zakheim 

Lawrence F. Kaplan

Robert Zarate

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